Overview of Nepal

Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 29.890,686 (est. 2012)

Languages: Nepali

Area: 147,181 km²

Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)

Legal System: English common law and Hindu legal concepts


Patent Practice Summary

Filing Statistics


Key Issues

  • Ranked 117th in the world for IP protection in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2013/2014


  • Patent may be obtained for any useful invention relating to a new method of process or manufacture, operation or transmission of any material or a combination of material, or made on the basis of a new theory or formula
  • It is necessary for the applicant to submit a map and drawings together with his particulars at the time of applying for an application
  • Examination: The Department shall examine the invention to determine whether it is new and whether it is useful to the people in general
  • Publication: All registered patents, except those to be kept secret for national interest, shall be published in a journal. Interested parties can see or take a copy of the statement, drawing or sketch of a patent published in the journal or take a copy of such patent document on payment of a fee as prescribed
  • Opposition: If anyone has any complaint on any patent, he may lodge such complaints to the Department within thirty-five days from the date on which the patent is seen or a copy of such patent document is taken
  • Registration Duration: 7 years from registration date
  • Renewal Duration: 7 years and can be renewed twice. In other words, the patent proprietor may enjoy the exclusive patent rights for 21 years
  • Renewal Application: Within 35 days from the date of expiry
  • Grace Period for Renewal: Within 6 months after the expiry of the time-limit for renewal

Other issues

  • Paris Convention: Nepal is a member of the Paris Convention. A certified copy of the convention application is required to validly claim priority

Filing Requirements in Nepal




  • Nepal Copyright Registrar’s Office
  • Parliamentary Affairs and Culture
  • Constituent Assembly
  • Ministry of Federal Affairs
  • Department of Industry
  • Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Supplies
  • World Intellectual Property Organization



  • Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
  • Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization

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