Overview of Bangladesh

Capital: Dhaka

Population: 161,083,804 (est. 2012)

Languages: Bangla (official), English

Area: 143,998 km²

Currency: Taka (BDT)

Legal System: Mixed legal system of mostly English common law and Islamic law.

Patent Practice Summary

Filing Statistics

Key Issues

  • All litigation and prosecution in English and Bangla
  • Ranked 130th in the world for IP protection in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2013/2014


  • Patent can be effectively enforced in courts
  • During proceedings, a court may appoint an independent scientific advisor
  • Disputes may be settled via alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
  • Infringement remedies – damages, account of profits and injunctions
  • Innocent infringer defence
  • Potential relief against groundless threats


  • Patentable subject matter – any manner of new manufacture or improvement
  • Use claims are not allowed
  • Amendments to the claims are allowed during prosecution and substantive examination
  • Applies a strict approach to “added matter” when making amendments
  • Voluntary Divisional applications possible

Other issues

  • Not a PCT contracting State
  • Opposition after acceptance and before grant
  • Patents of addition is possible in respect of any improvement in or modification of an invention
  • Patent term extension possible at the discretion of the Government
  • Compulsory licensing may be applied when the demand for a patented article in Bangladesh is not being met to an adequate extent and on reasonable terms

Filing Requirements in Bangladesh






  • Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
  • Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization

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